If the annual rate of inflation in an economy is anticipated correctly people will try to protect them against losses resulting from inflation.
That is why inflation is difficult to define in an unambiguous sense. But, at the same time, firms are to be blamed also for the price rise since they simply raise prices to expand their profit margins.
Rising wages lead to rising costs. It has been observed that the global financial crisis during to had created significant impact on the economies of the individual countries by virtue of the interconnection Mankiw, Below the full employment stage, inflation has a favourable effect on production.
In other words, wage rate increases always lag behind price increases. That is the study provides an empirical evidence to support the Philips curve. Rather, the loan- giving institution makes adequate safeguard against the erosion of real value.
This creates various problems. Did you find this article useful. Similarly, a percentage of inflation premium will be demanded by creditors from debtors. Price level will continue to rise until aggregate demand equals aggregate supply.
In reality, people cannot predict accurately future events or people often make mistakes in predicting the course of inflation. Below the full employment stage this AS curve is positive sloping and at full employment stage it becomes perfectly inelastic.
Anyway, CPI stems from the leftward shift of the aggregate supply curve. If increase in money wages exceeds labour productivity, aggregate supply will shift upward and leftward. Such analysis is useful to study the distributional and other effects of inflation as well as to recommend anti-inflationary policies.
For instance, by an administrative order the government may hike the price of petrol or diesel or freight rate. The Equation obtained after running the OLS model is: Further, even if it is anticipated it cannot be perfect. Governmental expenditure is inflationary if the needed money is procured by the government by printing additional money.
It is clear that someone wins and someone loses from inflation. Given a situation of full employment, classicists maintained that a change in money supply brings about an equi-proportionate change in price level.
Obviously, the connections between various countries have expanded enormously, particularly after the wave of globalization.
With no change in aggregate demand, this causes price level to rise to OP2 and output to fall to OY2. If it is not controlled, it may ultimately be converted to galloping or hyperinflation. Never does it happen.
The idea of a stable trade-off between inflation and unemployment in the long run has been disproved by economic history. Relationship Between Expectations and Inflation There are two theories of expectations (adaptive or rational) that predict how people will react to inflation.
The inverse correlation between inflation and unemployment depicted in the Phillips Curve works well in the short run, especially when inflation is fairly constant as it was in the s. As the nature of inflation is not uniform in an economy for all the time, it is wise to distinguish between different types of inflation.
Such analysis is useful to study the distributional and other effects of inflation as well as to recommend anti-inflationary policies. Essay on Inflation! Essay on the Meaning of Inflation: Inflation and unemployment are the two most talked-about words in the contemporary society. These two are the big problems that plague all.
A good example of link between unemployment and inflation can be seen in the United States. The graph below shows the history of unemployment and inflation in the United States since The four decades of data illustrates some of the causes of rising or falling inflation.
Essay about Economic: Economics and Moderate Unemployment Rate. the fund rate has been down to zero since then. The unemployment rate has kept rising from under 5% to .The link between inflation and unemployment economics essay