Providing opportunities for achievement. The research of equity theory in terms of an individual achieving more output than input, is not as supported Mowday Our State is NJ. Theory X advocates close supervision and comprehensive control systems, reinforced by a hierarchical structure and a narrow span of control.
Commitment to objectives is a function of the rewards associated with their achievement. Weak autocratic leaders tend to take decisions based on ego rather than sound management principles, and punish employees who dare to disagree with such decisions.
This leadership style survives by default because it comes naturally to most leaders, especially in times of low morale or insubordination. This theory also effects the management of promotions, salaries, and development of effective managers.
According Lorshe and Morse cited in David and Robertp. The autocratic leader, by taking all responsibility and involved heavily in day to day operations, remains forced to work at full capacity, leading to stress and other health problems.
Vroom suggests that the force to act depends on VIE as a whole. Assumptions about people need to be taken into account when studying motivation theories. If they want it enough, they will put the effort in to achieve it.
Managers who assign to Theory X are expected to practice authoritarian style Lewis, Goodman and Fandtp. Autocratic leaders involve themselves in detailed day-to-day activities, and rarely delegate or empower subordinates. In my previous role, I worked as a counsellor for a national charity.
Furthermore, workers do not require detailed supervision and they are self-motivated. However, at what stage is the psychological contract believed to have been broken.
If people are given a chance to prove their competency they are ambitious to solve problems and help their organizations meet their goals McGregorp.
His hierarchy of needs has received much attention and his ideas have been transferred to the work setting by others, as shown in Figure 1 below. People must be coerced, controlled, directed, or threatened with punishment in order to get them to achieve the organizational objectives.
Additionally, the workers put their own concerns above that of the organization and by nature they are resistant to changes. The individual has the choice whether or not they perform OCBs.
Tackle the first three highest priority actions first and complete them. Leading on from this, some rewards or incentives may satisfy more than one need. The trick here is to empower individuals and enlarge their roles to create variability and growth.
McGregor argued that modern organizations do not take into account the innovativeness of workers. People may have these needs. During occasions of contingencies, emergencies and other situations warranting on the spot decisions. Psychology About Imogen Cutting I currently work as a business psychologist and am a company director.
Contrary to claims of close supervision with detailed instructions to reduce stress and improve productivity, research suggests that such actions actually unmotivate employees, and cause them to becoming tense, fearful, or resentful. He suggested that management could use either set of needs to motivate employees, but better results would be gained by the use of Theory Y, rather than Theory X.
Oct 03, · Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor ( - ) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time. He was a social psychologist who became the President of Antioch College.
Below is an essay on "Critically Evaluate Mcgregor's Theory X and Theory Y. How Far Is It Applicable to Management and Employee Motivation in Contemporary Chinese Organizations?" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1).
These two theories, Theory X and Theory Y were proposed by Douglas McGregor in the ’s and are basically these theories are related to motivation and they describe different types of attitudes towards workforce motivation. X and Y theory developed by Douglas McGregor The X and Y theory is a description of how humans are motivated.
This is also one of the most important theories that. The first being theory Y mangers and theory X managers (Waddell, Jones, Georgep). In this essay I will elaborate more on the Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Y as well as how the theory has added value in the methods of the management that manager’s today use to reach organizational goals.
Theory X, Theory Y Words | 6 Pages. Theory X, Theory Y by Douglas McGregor is a motivation theory. Douglas McGregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called Theory X and Theory Y.Critically evaluate mcgregors theroy x and theory y essay